Tie-dye is a resist-dyeing technique that often uses bright, saturated colors and bold patterns. To tie dye, first, fold or pucker framework and tie it with string or rubber bands. then, dip the fabric in buckets of dye, or apply the dye with jet bottles .
The folds and ties act as a resist, preventing the dye from saturating the fabric evenly. any place that the dye can ’ triiodothyronine range will stay blank, creating the purpose .
- Tie Dye Tutorial
- How to Tie Dye
- How to Tie Dye: 6 Basic Steps
- Tie-Dye Patterns and Folding Techniques
Tie Dye Tutorial
This tutorial will cover the basics of tie-dye : how to prep, tie, dye, and moisten tie-dye garments. I ’ ll share the best and brightest types of dye to buy, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as all the other supplies you ’ ll want.
then, I ’ ll express you how to tie some of the most popular tie-dye patterns, such as the wrinkle technique, the rainbow whirl, the bullseye, sunbursts, and shibori-inspired designs. Be sure to keep take for tie dye designs with easy-to-follow instructions .
After that, I ’ ll answer your frequently asked questions about how to tie-dye. You ’ ll get all of my best tips and tricks so that you can get a great resultant role the first meter, and every prison term, you dye .
Types of Tie Dye
There are a few different categories of tie-dye techniques .
Traditional Tie Dye
The inaugural is the most common type of tie-dye characterized by bright colors and bold patterns. This expressive style was popularized in the 60s and 70s and remains trendy nowadays. This type of tie-dye starts with a plain white shirt, which is then tied and dyed with one or more colors of liquid dye .
In the pillow of this article, I ’ ll walk you through how to do traditional tie-dye step by footfall .
Ice die is similar to the traditional tie-dye, but the work is a fiddling different. It starts the same, with a white or light dress tied or secured with condom bands. then, the garment is covered in ice cubes and sprinkled with colors of powderize dye. As the ice rink melts, it will dissolve the dye powders and saturate the fabric .
This character of tie dye can create some attention-getting organic designs. If you want to learn more, check out my tutorial on how to ice dye .
Tie Dye with Bleach
Bleach tie dye, besides called turn back bind dye, has become super popular in the stopping point year or two. Bleach tie-dye starts with a black or dark-colored shirt, which is then tied and lightened with bleach. The bleaching agent lightens the tinge of the expose framework, creating the tie-dye design. If you are concern in learning more, don ’ metric ton miss my tutorial about how to tie-dye with bleach .
How to Tie Dye
In brief, here ’ s how to tie dye .
- Prep your supplies, and set up your work area.
- Mix your dyes. Pre-soak your garment, if necessary.
- Fold and tie your garment. (more on that below)
- Apply the dye.
- Let it sit. (The hardest part is waiting!)
- Rinse, wash, and wear your garment.
Tie-dye is a pretty bare march, but there are a few tricks you need to know to get the best results. Don ’ thymine worry ; I ’ ll walk you through the process in more detail below .
Tie Dye Supplies
Before you can start dying, gather some supplies and materials. First and first, you ’ ll need the dye itself and some framework to dye. then, you ’ ll need to grab some tools and condom materials .
here ’ s what you ’ ll need for this project .
- fiber-reactive dye in assorted colors
- fabric items, like shirts, socks, or sweatshirts
- soda ash (you may or may not need this, depending on the type of dye you purchase)
- Synthrapol, or another laundry detergent
- rubber bands or strong string
- buckets, to dip items in dye
- squeeze bottles, to apply dye
- plastic tablecloths or large trash bags to protect your work surface
- wire rack to elevate the garment off the work surface, optional
- gloves and a dust mask
- zip-top bags or plastic wrap
Best Dye for Tie Dying
The best type of dye to use on cotton fabrics for tie-dye projects is fiber reactive dye. This type of dye is much bright, longer-lasting, and easier to use than other general-purpose dyes .
Fiber reactive dyes react with fabric in cold water to create a permanent bond – so you don ’ t have to worry about your tie-dye purpose washing out the foremost time you put it in the laundry .
For this style of tie-dye, I don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate recommend using general-purpose dyes like Rit or Dylon. In my experience, the colors are besides pale and tend to wash out in hot water .
Types of Fiber Reactive Dye
Procion MX dyes: This is the most popular type of dye for tie-dye enthusiasts and professionals. Procion MX dye is colorfast, non-toxic, and very comfortable to use. Plus, it comes in a huge range of colors ! You can find Procion dye kits from supplies like Jacquard or Dharma Trading Co .
bill : For best results, soak the shirt in a sodium carbonate ash solution before dying with Procion dyes .
Tulip One-Step dyes: This character of dye is a great option for the casual tie-dyer, younger kids, and parties. The Tulip sword kits use a one-step dyeing work that eliminates the indigence to pre-soak fabrics in sodium carbonate ash. The Tulip dyes are formulated with pop ash already in the dye powder, so all you have to do is add water, shake and apply .
Best Items to Tie Dye
You can dye all sorts of garments, like cotton shirts, sweatshirts, socks, even shoes ! Items made with natural fibers are great for tie-dye. Look on the label for cotton, rayon, cannabis, linen, or even silk .
Procion MX dye powders and the Tulip one-step kits are formulated to work with natural fibers, such as cotton, rayon, and silk. synthetic materials such as polyester, nylon, Spandex, and so forth, do not absorb these dyes identical well .
If you can ’ thymine find 100 % cotton shirts, you can use an 80/20 cotton/polyester blend, but the dye colors will not be as vibrant. Avoid 50/50 cotton/polyester blends because the dye will not react well, and the colors will come out very pale .
here are a few cotton garments and items to tie-dye :
How to Tie Dye: 6 Basic Steps
Tie-dye is a fun and safe project that kids and adults can enjoy together. But, before we get started, let ’ s go over a few guard tips .
- Work outside or on a protected work surface.
- Be sure to wear old clothes or an apron.
- Wear gloves so the dye won’t stain your hands.
- Wear a dust mask when mixing soda ash or dye powders.
Alright, let ’ s learn how to tie-dye .
Step 1. Prep the materials
Before you tie dye, you need to prewash the garments. Use a laundry detergent like Synthrapol to remove any oils, soil, or anything else that might be on your garment. These things can resist the dye, leading to dull or patched results .
future, set up your work area. If you will dying inside, protect your mesa with a plastic tablecloth or boastfully trash bags. It ’ s a commodity theme to keep some newspaper towels or rags nearby to clean up any spills .
then, meet your other tools, including credit card buckets, rubber bands, string, compress bottles, wire rack, and gloves .
Step 2. Mix your dyes. Pre-soak your garment, if necessary.
For Tulip One-Step dyes : all you need to do is add water to the dye bottles according to the package instructions and shake to mix .
For Procion MX dyes : Put on your scatter dissemble and gloves. First, mix the dyes. Add 4 teaspoons of dye to a blend bucket. Add a few teaspoons of lukewarm water to the dye powder – good enough to make a glue. then, add 1 cup of lukewarm water to the bucket and arouse to dissolve the dye. guarantee that you stir well and get rid of any lumps because the undissolved dye will leave spots of color or “ freckles ” on your finished dress .
If you want, you can use a funnel to transfer the dye to squeeze bottles .
then, make the sodium carbonate ash solution. Add 1 cup of sodium carbonate ash to 1 gallon of warm water. Stir to dissolve. right before tie-dye, pre-soak your garments for 15 minutes. When time is up, squeeze out the overindulgence solution so the framework is dampen but not dripping wet .
Step 3. Fold and tie your garment.
There are sol many ways to fold and tie your framework. Tie-dye techniques patterns range from elementary to intricate. You can scrunch your garment, secure it with rubber bands, fold your garment, clamp it together, or even stitch a design into your dress with a phonograph needle and thread .
Keep interpretation for 10 ways to tie your dress for tie dye .
Step 4. Apply the dye.
There are many ways to apply the dye to the fabric. You can dip the garment into buckets of dye. Or, you can apply the dye directly to the framework with squeeze bottles, paintbrushes, or sponges. You can use as many or as few colors as you want .
You add to adjust the intensity of the colors by changing the dye-to-water proportion. If you want more pastel colors, you can add more water to the dye concoction .
When applying the dye, consider color placement. Think back to art class and the concept of the color steering wheel. Colors placed future to each other will bleed together at the edge, creating new colors. Red placed adjacent to yellow will create orange, green placed future to blue will create bluish green .
If you place complementary color colors next to each other ( that ’ south red-green, orange-blue, or yellow-purple ), you may create embrown or other dull colors where the dyes bleed in concert .
Check out some of the tie-dye techniques down below to get some practice inhalation !
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Step 5. Let the dye set.
once you have finished applying the dye, you need to give it meter to react with the fabric. It ’ mho important to keep the fabric damp and relatively strong. ( The warm the temperature of the fabric, the agile the dye reaction. )
I recommend placing the bleached fabric in a formative base or wrap it in plastic envelop. Place the cloaked framework in a cheery spot, and let the dye process for at least 6-8 hours. For the brightest colors, you can let the dye cure for up to 24 hours .
See the FAQ section at the end of this station to learn about a 2-minute microwave process shortcut .
Step 6. Rinse, wash, and wear your garment.
One of the keys to getting the cleanest, brightest colors is the washing-out process. Take your time here !
beginning, leaving the arctic bands or ties on, rinse the garment under cold hunt water. then, rinse in halfhearted water while you remove the rubber eraser bands or ties. Keep rinsing until the water runs clear. then, run the garments through a accomplished wash machine cycle with Synthrapol detergent .
For this first wash, you can wash multiple garments together, american samoa long as they have been dyed with like colors. If you wash besides many colors in concert in the lapp cargo, the garments can come out muddy looking .
For the next couple of loads, you ’ ll want to wash your tie-dye clothe individually from the lie of your clothes. then you can wash them with the pillow of your colors .
Tie-Dye Patterns and Folding Techniques
There are lots of different tie-dye patterns and folding techniques that you can use to create unique designs. For more bit-by-bit fold instructions, check out this article : 17+ Tie Dye Patterns and Folding Techniques .
hera are a few of the respective designs you can create with tie-dye :
- Scrunch or Nebula: Lay the shirt flat. Scrunch the fabric together, gathering it into a tight disk. Wrap several rubber bands around the disk. The tighter you scrunch it, the more white areas there will be in the final shirt.
- Swirl: Pinch a small section in the center of the shirt. Hold on to that small section while you twist the shirt clockwise. Keep twisting, and the shirt should fold in on itself like a flat cinnamon roll. Secure the shirt with 3 or 4 rubber bands, crisscrossing them over the center of the disc. The tighter you bind the shirt, the more white there will be.
- Bullseye: Pinch a section of fabric at the center of the shirt. Pull the fabric up to a point, and smooth the rest of the fabric down to create a skinny cone shape. Wrap rubber bands around the cone of fabric – starting about an inch below the point of the cone. You can add as many or as few rubber bands as you want.
- Sunbursts: Lay the shirt flat. Pinch a series of small sections and pull them up to create small, skinny cone shapes. Secure each with a couple of rubber bands.
- Stripes: Lay the shirt flat. Starting from the bottom or one side, fold the shirt in a series of small accordion-style folds. Wrap the folded shirt with rubber bands every 1 to 2 inches.
- Square Box Folds: Fold the shirt lengthwise in a series of accordion folds, each section about 3-4 inches wide. Press each fold well to get sharp creases. Then, fold the shirt widthwise in a series of accordion folds, each 3-4 wide. Sandwich the fabric between two squares of cardboard. Secure well with rubber bands.
- Triangle Folds: This technique is very similar to the previous technique. In the second step, you’ll fold the strip of fabric into triangles instead of squares. Then, sandwich the fabric between two triangles of cardboard. Secure well with rubber bands.
- Kaleidoscope or Mandalas: For this look, you’ll be creating a design with one or two lines of symmetry. Lay the shirt out on the table and fold it in half lengthwise and then again widthwise. After the shirt is folding in quarters, you can secure the shirt in whatever pattern you like.
- Ombre Dip-Dye: For this technique, you don’t have to fold the fabric. Simply dip one end of the shirt into a bucket of dye. As it sits in the dye bath, the dye will slowly work its way up the fabric. You can repeat this process by dipping the other end of the fabric into a different color of dye.
- Heart. First, fold the shirt in half lengthwise. Draw half a heart shape on the fold with a washable marker. Starting at one end of your line, make small accordion pleats. Follow the drawn line, making the pleats so that the line appears straight at the top of the folds. (You’ll be making the folds a little deeper on the outside section and a little shallower on the inside section to accommodate the curve of the line.) When all of the fabric has been pleated, secure it with a thick rubber band placed on the line itself. Then, you can add more rubber bands on the inside or outside sections as desired.
Tie Dying Other Items
Don ’ t stop at shirts ! There are all sorts of other garments and items you can tie-dye : hoodies, sweatpants, headbands, socks, and even sneakers. When you ’ ra shop, look for garments with a very high percentage of cotton or other natural character .
How to Dye Hoodies and Sweatpants
Thicker fabrics like sweatshirts and sweatpants work actually well with more organic techniques, like the crumble proficiency, the twirl convention, and stripes. While you can do the more intricate designs on chummy materials, it may be a fiddling prankster .
How to Tie Dye Sneakers
You can even dye cotton canvas sneakers. Remove the laces and liners before you start, and soak them top down in warm water and a little moment of Synthrapol to “ prewash ” them .
You can ’ t actually scrunch them up and tie them with rubber bands, but you can dip them in buckets of dye or apply the dye with squirts bottles, paintbrushes, or sponges .
How to Tie Dye Socks
Socks are easy and fun to tie-dye. If you want matching socks, you can tie them up together and dye them at the same prison term. Since they have a minor surface area, you can ’ t make boastfully mandala patterns, though .
Frequently Asked Questions
Do you need to prewash the fabric before dyeing it?
Yes. Prewash your garments in detergent, such as Synthrapol, before dying. Prewashing removes crap, oils, and sizing that can prevent the dye from penetrating the framework .
Do you tie-dye wet or dry fabric?
In most cases, I recommend tie-dyeing fabric that is slenderly damp but not dripping moisture. When the garment is wet, the dye will more easily saturate the material, leading to more even coverage. That said, you are welcome to experiment with applying dye to dry fabric. Applying dye to dry framework will result in less uniform impregnation and more white spots .
How long should tie-dye set before rinsing?
After dying, wrap your garment in plastic ( or stead it in a zip-top bag ) and let it sit for at least 6-8 hours. This process clock helps the dye intoxicate into the fibers of the fabric. If you have more time, you can let the dye sit overnight or up to 24 hours .
How do you wash tie-dye shirts for the first time?
Before washing your tie-dye garments in the laundry car, rinse them under running water until the water runs clear. Put the newly tie-dye fabric into the washing car by itself and run it through a cold water/delicate hertz with Synthrapol or another color-safe detergent .
To be supernumerary condom, wash your tie-dye garments individually for a few washes before washing them with the remainder of your laundry .
How do you get tie-dye off your hands?
The best direction to prevent stain hands is to wear gloves ! differently, wash your hands with soap and water. The dye will fade in time – about a day with frequent wash .
How do you make tie-dye colors brighter?
The best means to get bright tie-dye colors is to use the correct kind of fiber-reactive dye and 100 % cotton framework. then, remember to prewash your fabric and soak it in a pop ash solution ( if your dye requires it. ) Be patient and let the dye cure for up to 24 hours for the best color saturation .
Can you set dye in the microwave?
If you can ’ metric ton wait the broad 24 hours before rinsing out your newly dyed items, you can try speeding up the process with a microwave oven .
Heating the garments in a microwave accelerates the dye reaction so that you can wash them out after a few minutes preferably than several hours .
Note: Be careful, and entirely attempt this under adult supervision. Microwave in modest fourth dimension increments, and use your best opinion .
To process tie-dye in the microwave:
- Place the garment into a heavy-duty gallon-size zip-lock freezer bag, and squeeze out all the air.
- Seal the bag and microwave it for 60-90 seconds.
- Watch the bag closely, and stop the microwave when the bag inflates with steam – you don’t want the bag to pop!
The goal is to heat the dress all the way through, but not heat it thus much that any separate of it dries out. The actual time required to heat the dress will vary .
Let the garment cool, and then rinse it out as directed above .
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Sarah Stearns has helped thousands of makers find their adjacent craft project with detached patterns and bit-by-bit tutorials on her blog, sarahmaker.com. Read more .
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